Product Information

Solid Wood

Solid hardwood floors are made of planks milled from a single piece of timber. Solid hardwood floors were originally used for structural purposes, being installed perpendicular to the wooden support beams of a building known as joists or bearers. With the increased use of concrete as a subfloor engineered wood flooring has gained some popularity. However, solid wood floors are still common and popular. Solid wood floors have a thicker wear surface and can be sanded and finished more times than an engineered wood floor but are not suitable for some rooms in the home such as conservatories.

Depending on the desired look of the floor, the timber can be cut in three ways: flat-sawn, quarter-sawn, and rift-sawn. The timber is cut to the desired dimensions and either packed unfinished for a site-finished installation or finished at the factory. The moisture content at time of manufacturing is carefully controlled to ensure the product does not warp during transport and storage.

A number of proprietary features for solid wood floors are available. Many solid woods come with grooves cut into the back of the wood that run the length of each plank, often called ‘absorption strips,’ that are intended to reduce cupping. Solid wood floors are mostly manufactured 18mm thick with a tongue-and-groove for installation.

Solid wood flooring

key features

  • durable & hard wearing
  • refinishing capability
  • increases property value
  • water-resistant

suitable for…

  • living areas
  • hallways
  • bedrooms
  • kitchens
  • home office
  • commercial use

Solid Wood Flooring

installed by our professional floor fitters

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Engineered Wood

Engineered wood flooring consists of two or more layers of wood adhered together to form a plank. Typically, engineered wood flooring uses a thin layer of a more expensive wood (usually oak) bonded to a core constructed from high quality ply wood. The increased stability of engineered wood is achieved by running each layer at a 90° angle to the layer above. This stability makes it a universal product that can be installed over all types of subfloors above, below or on grade. Engineered wood is the most common type of wood flooring in Europe.

Engineered Wood Flooring

key features

  • durable & hard wearing
  • refinishing capability
  • increases property value
  • water-resistant
  • compatible with underfloor heating

suitable for…

  • living areas
  • hallways
  • bedrooms
  • kitchens
  • home office
  • commercial use
  • conservatories

Engineered Wood Flooring

installed by our professional floor fitters

  • shop now

Installation

Tongue and Groove

One side and one end of the plank have a groove, the other side and end have a tongue (protruding wood along an edge’s center). The tongue and groove fit snugly together, thus joining or aligning the planks, and are not visible once joined. Tongue-and-groove flooring can be installed by glue-down (both engineered and solid), floating (mostly engineered only), or nail-down (not recommended for most engineered).

Click-In

or Woodloc systems: there are a number of patented “click” systems that now exist. A click-in floor is similar to tongue-and-groove, but instead of fitting directly into the groove, the board must be angled or “tapped” in to make the curved or barbed tongue fit into the modified groove. No adhesive is used when installing a click floor, making board replacement easier. This system not only exists for engineered wood floors but also engineered bamboo and a small number of solid floors and is designed to be used for floating installations. It is beneficial for the Do-It-Yourself market.

Glue Down

Wood flooring can also be installed utilizing the glue-down method. This is an especially popular method for solid wood flooring installations on concrete sub-floors. Additionally, engineered wood flooring may use the glue-down method as well. A layer of wood floor adhesive is spread evenlly onto the sub-floor using a trowel similar to those used in laying ceramic tile. The wood pieces are then laid on top of the glue and hammered into place using a rubber mallet and a protected 2×4 to create a level floor.

Floating Installation

A floating installation is where the flooring is laid down in a glueless manner on top of a layer of underlay. The individual planks are locked together, and are not glued or nailed down to the subfloor. By doing this the floor is floating above the underlay, and can be laid on top of existing tile or marble, without the risk of damaging the subflooring.

Restoration

Floor finishes

The two most popular finishes for wood flooring are oiled or lacquered finish.

Oiled

An oiled wood floor brings out the natural colours of the flooring and creates a warm effect finish.  This type of finish ages well and the odd scuff and scratch can add character to the wood.

Lacquered

A lacquered wood floor gives the surface of the wood a shiny finish.  This can look great in some rooms however, scratches and marks can stand out compromising the nice finish of the floor.

Buffing

Generally, hardwood floors need to be buffed every 3–5 years. The process usually takes about one day. Buffing refers to the process of using a stand up floor buffer. The floor is abraded with 180 grit screen on the buffer. This allows for the new coat of finish to mechanically adhere to the floor. This process works with great results as long as the floor hasn’t had any waxes or synthetic cleaners.

Refinishing

Sanding the finish off old wood floors and smoothing them out.

Floor sanding

Sanding provides a method for smoothing an installed floor, compensating for unevenness of the subfloor. Additionally, sanding is used to renew the appearance of older floors. Sanding using successively finer grades of sandpaper is required to ensure even stain penetration when stains are used, as well as to eliminate visible scratches from coarser sandpaper grades used initially.

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Real Wood Flooring

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